Commit 840bfcd8 authored by Bruno Boiget's avatar Bruno Boiget
Browse files

init project and add blog/create page

parents
.DS_Store
/node_modules/
/src/node_modules/@sapper/
yarn-error.log
/__sapper__/
# sapper-template
The default template for setting up a [Sapper](https://github.com/sveltejs/sapper) project. Can use either Rollup or webpack as bundler.
## Getting started
### Using `degit`
To create a new Sapper project based on Rollup locally, run
```bash
npx degit "sveltejs/sapper-template#rollup" my-app
```
For a webpack-based project, instead run
```bash
npx degit "sveltejs/sapper-template#webpack" my-app
```
[`degit`](https://github.com/Rich-Harris/degit) is a scaffolding tool that lets you create a directory from a branch in a repository.
Replace `my-app` with the path where you wish to create the project.
### Using GitHub templates
Alternatively, you can create the new project as a GitHub repository using GitHub's template feature.
Go to either [sapper-template-rollup](https://github.com/sveltejs/sapper-template-rollup) or [sapper-template-webpack](https://github.com/sveltejs/sapper-template-webpack) and click on "Use this template" to create a new project repository initialized by the template.
### Running the project
Once you have created the project, install dependencies and run the project in development mode:
```bash
cd my-app
npm install # or yarn
npm run dev
```
This will start the development server on [localhost:3000](http://localhost:3000). Open it and click around.
You now have a fully functional Sapper project! To get started developing, consult [sapper.svelte.dev](https://sapper.svelte.dev).
### Using TypeScript
By default, the template uses plain JavaScript. If you wish to use TypeScript instead, you need some changes to the project:
* Add `typescript` as well as typings as dependences in `package.json`
* Configure the bundler to use [`svelte-preprocess`](https://github.com/sveltejs/svelte-preprocess) and transpile the TypeScript code.
* Add a `tsconfig.json` file
* Update the project code to TypeScript
The template comes with a script that will perform these changes for you by running
```bash
node scripts/setupTypeScript.js
```
`@sapper` dependencies are resolved through `src/node_modules/@sapper`, which is created during the build. You therefore need to run or build the project once to avoid warnings about missing dependencies.
The script does not support webpack at the moment.
## Directory structure
Sapper expects to find two directories in the root of your project — `src` and `static`.
### src
The [src](src) directory contains the entry points for your app — `client.js`, `server.js` and (optionally) a `service-worker.js` — along with a `template.html` file and a `routes` directory.
#### src/routes
This is the heart of your Sapper app. There are two kinds of routes — *pages*, and *server routes*.
**Pages** are Svelte components written in `.svelte` files. When a user first visits the application, they will be served a server-rendered version of the route in question, plus some JavaScript that 'hydrates' the page and initialises a client-side router. From that point forward, navigating to other pages is handled entirely on the client for a fast, app-like feel. (Sapper will preload and cache the code for these subsequent pages, so that navigation is instantaneous.)
**Server routes** are modules written in `.js` files, that export functions corresponding to HTTP methods. Each function receives Express `request` and `response` objects as arguments, plus a `next` function. This is useful for creating a JSON API, for example.
There are three simple rules for naming the files that define your routes:
* A file called `src/routes/about.svelte` corresponds to the `/about` route. A file called `src/routes/blog/[slug].svelte` corresponds to the `/blog/:slug` route, in which case `params.slug` is available to the route
* The file `src/routes/index.svelte` (or `src/routes/index.js`) corresponds to the root of your app. `src/routes/about/index.svelte` is treated the same as `src/routes/about.svelte`.
* Files and directories with a leading underscore do *not* create routes. This allows you to colocate helper modules and components with the routes that depend on them — for example you could have a file called `src/routes/_helpers/datetime.js` and it would *not* create a `/_helpers/datetime` route.
#### src/node_modules/images
Images added to `src/node_modules/images` can be imported into your code using `import 'images/<filename>'`. They will be given a dynamically generated filename containing a hash, allowing for efficient caching and serving the images on a CDN.
See [`index.svelte`](src/routes/index.svelte) for an example.
#### src/node_modules/@sapper
This directory is managed by Sapper and generated when building. It contains all the code you import from `@sapper` modules.
### static
The [static](static) directory contains static assets that should be served publicly. Files in this directory will be available directly under the root URL, e.g. an `image.jpg` will be available as `/image.jpg`.
The default [service-worker.js](src/service-worker.js) will preload and cache these files, by retrieving a list of `files` from the generated manifest:
```js
import { files } from '@sapper/service-worker';
```
If you have static files you do not want to cache, you should exclude them from this list after importing it (and before passing it to `cache.addAll`).
Static files are served using [sirv](https://github.com/lukeed/sirv).
## Bundler configuration
Sapper uses Rollup or webpack to provide code-splitting and dynamic imports, as well as compiling your Svelte components. With webpack, it also provides hot module reloading. As long as you don't do anything daft, you can edit the configuration files to add whatever plugins you'd like.
## Production mode and deployment
To start a production version of your app, run `npm run build && npm start`. This will disable live reloading, and activate the appropriate bundler plugins.
You can deploy your application to any environment that supports Node 10 or above. As an example, to deploy to [Vercel Now](https://vercel.com) when using `sapper export`, run these commands:
```bash
npm install -g vercel
vercel
```
If your app can't be exported to a static site, you can use the [now-sapper](https://github.com/thgh/now-sapper) builder. You can find instructions on how to do so in its [README](https://github.com/thgh/now-sapper#basic-usage).
## Using external components
When using Svelte components installed from npm, such as [@sveltejs/svelte-virtual-list](https://github.com/sveltejs/svelte-virtual-list), Svelte needs the original component source (rather than any precompiled JavaScript that ships with the component). This allows the component to be rendered server-side, and also keeps your client-side app smaller.
Because of that, it's essential that the bundler doesn't treat the package as an *external dependency*. You can either modify the `external` option under `server` in [rollup.config.js](rollup.config.js) or the `externals` option in [webpack.config.js](webpack.config.js), or simply install the package to `devDependencies` rather than `dependencies`, which will cause it to get bundled (and therefore compiled) with your app:
```bash
npm install -D @sveltejs/svelte-virtual-list
```
## Bugs and feedback
Sapper is in early development, and may have the odd rough edge here and there. Please be vocal over on the [Sapper issue tracker](https://github.com/sveltejs/sapper/issues).
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{
"name": "TODO",
"description": "TODO",
"version": "0.0.1",
"scripts": {
"dev": "sapper dev",
"build": "sapper build --legacy",
"export": "sapper export --legacy",
"start": "node __sapper__/build"
},
"dependencies": {
"body-parser": "^1.19.0",
"compression": "^1.7.1",
"polka": "next",
"sirv": "^1.0.0"
},
"devDependencies": {
"sapper": "^0.28.0",
"svelte": "^3.17.3",
"@babel/core": "^7.0.0",
"@babel/plugin-syntax-dynamic-import": "^7.0.0",
"@babel/plugin-transform-runtime": "^7.0.0",
"@babel/preset-env": "^7.0.0",
"@babel/runtime": "^7.0.0",
"@rollup/plugin-babel": "^5.0.0",
"@rollup/plugin-commonjs": "^14.0.0",
"@rollup/plugin-node-resolve": "^8.0.0",
"@rollup/plugin-replace": "^2.2.0",
"@rollup/plugin-url": "^5.0.0",
"rollup": "^2.3.4",
"rollup-plugin-svelte": "^6.0.0",
"rollup-plugin-terser": "^7.0.0"
}
}
import path from 'path';
import resolve from '@rollup/plugin-node-resolve';
import replace from '@rollup/plugin-replace';
import commonjs from '@rollup/plugin-commonjs';
import url from '@rollup/plugin-url';
import svelte from 'rollup-plugin-svelte';
import babel from '@rollup/plugin-babel';
import { terser } from 'rollup-plugin-terser';
import config from 'sapper/config/rollup.js';
import pkg from './package.json';
const mode = process.env.NODE_ENV;
const dev = mode === 'development';
const legacy = !!process.env.SAPPER_LEGACY_BUILD;
const onwarn = (warning, onwarn) =>
(warning.code === 'MISSING_EXPORT' && /'preload'/.test(warning.message)) ||
(warning.code === 'CIRCULAR_DEPENDENCY' && /[/\\]@sapper[/\\]/.test(warning.message)) ||
onwarn(warning);
export default {
client: {
input: config.client.input(),
output: config.client.output(),
plugins: [
replace({
'process.browser': true,
'process.env.NODE_ENV': JSON.stringify(mode)
}),
svelte({
dev,
hydratable: true,
emitCss: true
}),
url({
sourceDir: path.resolve(__dirname, 'src/node_modules/images'),
publicPath: '/client/'
}),
resolve({
browser: true,
dedupe: ['svelte']
}),
commonjs(),
legacy && babel({
extensions: ['.js', '.mjs', '.html', '.svelte'],
babelHelpers: 'runtime',
exclude: ['node_modules/@babel/**'],
presets: [
['@babel/preset-env', {
targets: '> 0.25%, not dead'
}]
],
plugins: [
'@babel/plugin-syntax-dynamic-import',
['@babel/plugin-transform-runtime', {
useESModules: true
}]
]
}),
!dev && terser({
module: true
})
],
preserveEntrySignatures: false,
onwarn,
},
server: {
input: config.server.input(),
output: config.server.output(),
plugins: [
replace({
'process.browser': false,
'process.env.NODE_ENV': JSON.stringify(mode)
}),
svelte({
generate: 'ssr',
hydratable: true,
dev
}),
url({
sourceDir: path.resolve(__dirname, 'src/node_modules/images'),
publicPath: '/client/',
emitFiles: false // already emitted by client build
}),
resolve({
dedupe: ['svelte']
}),
commonjs()
],
external: Object.keys(pkg.dependencies).concat(require('module').builtinModules),
preserveEntrySignatures: 'strict',
onwarn,
},
serviceworker: {
input: config.serviceworker.input(),
output: config.serviceworker.output(),
plugins: [
resolve(),
replace({
'process.browser': true,
'process.env.NODE_ENV': JSON.stringify(mode)
}),
commonjs(),
!dev && terser()
],
preserveEntrySignatures: false,
onwarn,
}
};
/**
* Run this script to convert the project to TypeScript. This is only guaranteed to work
* on the unmodified default template; if you have done code changes you are likely need
* to touch up the generated project manually.
*/
// @ts-check
const fs = require('fs');
const path = require('path');
const { argv } = require('process');
const projectRoot = argv[2] || path.join(__dirname, '..');
const isRollup = fs.existsSync(path.join(projectRoot, "rollup.config.js"));
function warn(message) {
console.warn('Warning: ' + message);
}
function replaceInFile(fileName, replacements) {
if (fs.existsSync(fileName)) {
let contents = fs.readFileSync(fileName, 'utf8');
let hadUpdates = false;
replacements.forEach(([from, to]) => {
const newContents = contents.replace(from, to);
const isAlreadyApplied = typeof to !== 'string' || contents.includes(to);
if (newContents !== contents) {
contents = newContents;
hadUpdates = true;
} else if (!isAlreadyApplied) {
warn(`Wanted to update "${from}" in ${fileName}, but did not find it.`);
}
});
if (hadUpdates) {
fs.writeFileSync(fileName, contents);
} else {
console.log(`${fileName} had already been updated.`);
}
} else {
warn(`Wanted to update ${fileName} but the file did not exist.`);
}
}
function createFile(fileName, contents) {
if (fs.existsSync(fileName)) {
warn(`Wanted to create ${fileName}, but it already existed. Leaving existing file.`);
} else {
fs.writeFileSync(fileName, contents);
}
}
function addDepsToPackageJson() {
const pkgJSONPath = path.join(projectRoot, 'package.json');
const packageJSON = JSON.parse(fs.readFileSync(pkgJSONPath, 'utf8'));
packageJSON.devDependencies = Object.assign(packageJSON.devDependencies, {
...(isRollup ? { '@rollup/plugin-typescript': '^6.0.0' } : { 'ts-loader': '^8.0.4' }),
'@tsconfig/svelte': '^1.0.10',
'@types/compression': '^1.7.0',
'@types/node': '^14.11.1',
'@types/polka': '^0.5.1',
'svelte-check': '^1.0.46',
'svelte-preprocess': '^4.3.0',
tslib: '^2.0.1',
typescript: '^4.0.3'
});
// Add script for checking
packageJSON.scripts = Object.assign(packageJSON.scripts, {
validate: 'svelte-check --ignore src/node_modules/@sapper'
});
// Write the package JSON
fs.writeFileSync(pkgJSONPath, JSON.stringify(packageJSON, null, ' '));
}
function changeJsExtensionToTs(dir) {
const elements = fs.readdirSync(dir, { withFileTypes: true });
for (let i = 0; i < elements.length; i++) {
if (elements[i].isDirectory()) {
changeJsExtensionToTs(path.join(dir, elements[i].name));
} else if (elements[i].name.match(/^[^_]((?!json).)*js$/)) {
fs.renameSync(path.join(dir, elements[i].name), path.join(dir, elements[i].name).replace('.js', '.ts'));
}
}
}
function updateSingleSvelteFile({ view, vars, contextModule }) {
replaceInFile(path.join(projectRoot, 'src', `${view}.svelte`), [
[/(?:<script)(( .*?)*?)>/gm, (m, attrs) => `<script${attrs}${!attrs.includes('lang="ts"') ? ' lang="ts"' : ''}>`],
...(vars ? vars.map(({ name, type }) => [`export let ${name};`, `export let ${name}: ${type};`]) : []),
...(contextModule ? contextModule.map(({ js, ts }) => [js, ts]) : [])
]);
}
// Switch the *.svelte file to use TS
function updateSvelteFiles() {
[
{
view: 'components/Nav',
vars: [{ name: 'segment', type: 'string' }]
},
{
view: 'routes/_layout',
vars: [{ name: 'segment', type: 'string' }]
},
{
view: 'routes/_error',
vars: [
{ name: 'status', type: 'number' },
{ name: 'error', type: 'Error' }
]
},
{
view: 'routes/blog/index',
vars: [{ name: 'posts', type: '{ slug: string; title: string, html: any }[]' }],
contextModule: [
{
js: '.then(r => r.json())',
ts: '.then((r: { json: () => any; }) => r.json())'
},
{
js: '.then(posts => {',
ts: '.then((posts: { slug: string; title: string, html: any }[]) => {'
}
]
},
{
view: 'routes/blog/[slug]',
vars: [{ name: 'post', type: '{ slug: string; title: string, html: any }' }]
}
].forEach(updateSingleSvelteFile);
}
function updateRollupConfig() {
// Edit rollup config
replaceInFile(path.join(projectRoot, 'rollup.config.js'), [
// Edit imports
[
/'rollup-plugin-terser';\n(?!import sveltePreprocess)/,
`'rollup-plugin-terser';
import sveltePreprocess from 'svelte-preprocess';
import typescript from '@rollup/plugin-typescript';
`
],
// Edit inputs
[
/(?<!THIS_IS_UNDEFINED[^\n]*\n\s*)onwarn\(warning\);/,
`(warning.code === 'THIS_IS_UNDEFINED') ||\n\tonwarn(warning);`
],
[/input: config.client.input\(\)(?!\.replace)/, `input: config.client.input().replace(/\\.js$/, '.ts')`],
[
/input: config.server.input\(\)(?!\.replace)/,
`input: { server: config.server.input().server.replace(/\\.js$/, ".ts") }`
],
[
/input: config.serviceworker.input\(\)(?!\.replace)/,
`input: config.serviceworker.input().replace(/\\.js$/, '.ts')`
],
// Add preprocess to the svelte config, this is tricky because there's no easy signifier.
// Instead we look for 'hydratable: true,'
[/hydratable: true(?!,\n\s*preprocess)/g, 'hydratable: true,\n\t\t\t\tpreprocess: sveltePreprocess()'],
// Add TypeScript
[/commonjs\(\)(?!,\n\s*typescript)/g, 'commonjs(),\n\t\t\ttypescript({ sourceMap: dev })']
]);
}
function updateWebpackConfig() {
// Edit webpack config
replaceInFile(path.join(projectRoot, 'webpack.config.js'), [
// Edit imports
[
/require\('webpack-modules'\);\n(?!const sveltePreprocess)/,
`require('webpack-modules');\nconst sveltePreprocess = require('svelte-preprocess');\n`
],
// Edit extensions
[
/\['\.mjs', '\.js', '\.json', '\.svelte', '\.html'\]/,
`['.mjs', '.js', '.ts', '.json', '.svelte', '.html']`
],
// Edit entries
[
/entry: config\.client\.entry\(\)/,
`entry: { main: config.client.entry().main.replace(/\\.js$/, '.ts') }`
],
[
/entry: config\.server\.entry\(\)/,
`entry: { server: config.server.entry().server.replace(/\\.js$/, '.ts') }`
],
[
/entry: config\.serviceworker\.entry\(\)/,
`entry: { 'service-worker': config.serviceworker.entry()['service-worker'].replace(/\\.js$/, '.ts') }`
],
// Add preprocess to the svelte config, this is tricky because there's no easy signifier.
// Instead we look for 'hydratable: true,'
[
/hydratable: true(?!,\n\s*preprocess)/g,
'hydratable: true,\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tpreprocess: sveltePreprocess()'
],
// Add TypeScript rules for client and server
[
/module: {\n\s*rules: \[\n\s*(?!{\n\s*test: \/\\\.ts\$\/)/g,
`module: {\n\t\t\trules: [\n\t\t\t\t{\n\t\t\t\t\ttest: /\\.ts$/,\n\t\t\t\t\tloader: 'ts-loader'\n\t\t\t\t},\n\t\t\t\t`
],
// Add TypeScript rules for serviceworker
[
/output: config\.serviceworker\.output\(\),\n\s*(?!module)/,
`output: config.serviceworker.output(),\n\t\tmodule: {\n\t\t\trules: [\n\t\t\t\t{\n\t\t\t\t\ttest: /\\.ts$/,\n\t\t\t\t\tloader: 'ts-loader'\n\t\t\t\t}\n\t\t\t]\n\t\t},\n\t\t`
],
// Edit outputs
[
/output: config\.serviceworker\.output\(\),\n\s*(?!resolve)/,
`output: config.serviceworker.output(),\n\t\tresolve: { extensions: ['.mjs', '.js', '.ts', '.json'] },\n\t\t`
]
]);
}
function updateServiceWorker() {
replaceInFile(path.join(projectRoot, 'src', 'service-worker.ts'), [
[`shell.concat(files);`, `(shell as string[]).concat(files as string[]);`],
[`self.skipWaiting();`, `((self as any) as ServiceWorkerGlobalScope).skipWaiting();`],
[`self.clients.claim();`, `((self as any) as ServiceWorkerGlobalScope).clients.claim();`],
[`fetchAndCache(request)`, `fetchAndCache(request: Request)`],
[`self.addEventListener('activate', event =>`, `self.addEventListener('activate', (event: ExtendableEvent) =>`],
[`self.addEventListener('install', event =>`, `self.addEventListener('install', (event: ExtendableEvent) =>`],
[`addEventListener('fetch', event =>`, `addEventListener('fetch', (event: FetchEvent) =>`],
]);
}
function createTsConfig() {
const tsconfig = `{
"extends": "@tsconfig/svelte/tsconfig.json",
"compilerOptions": {
"lib": ["DOM", "ES2017", "WebWorker"]
},
"include": ["src/**/*", "src/node_modules/**/*"],
"exclude": ["node_modules/*", "__sapper__/*", "static/*"]
}`;
createFile(path.join(projectRoot, 'tsconfig.json'), tsconfig);
}
// Adds the extension recommendation
function configureVsCode() {
const dir = path.join(projectRoot, '.vscode');
if (!fs.existsSync(dir)) {
fs.mkdirSync(dir);
}
createFile(path.join(projectRoot, '.vscode', 'extensions.json'), `{"recommendations": ["svelte.svelte-vscode"]}`);
}
function deleteThisScript() {
fs.unlinkSync(path.join(__filename));
// Check for Mac's DS_store file, and if it's the only one left remove it
const remainingFiles = fs.readdirSync(path.join(__dirname));
if (remainingFiles.length === 1 && remainingFiles[0] === '.DS_store') {
fs.unlinkSync(path.join(__dirname, '.DS_store'));
}
// Check if the scripts folder is empty
if (fs.readdirSync(path.join(__dirname)).length === 0) {
// Remove the scripts folder
fs.rmdirSync(path.join(__dirname));
}
}
console.log(`Adding TypeScript with ${isRollup ? "Rollup" : "webpack" }...`);
addDepsToPackageJson();
changeJsExtensionToTs(path.join(projectRoot, 'src'));
updateSvelteFiles();
if (isRollup) {
updateRollupConfig();
} else {
updateWebpackConfig();
}
updateServiceWorker();
createTsConfig();
configureVsCode();
// Delete this script, but not during testing
if (!argv[2]) {
deleteThisScript();
}